- Category: DO NOT COMMIT IDOLATRY
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God is Alone
The Ramchal, Rabbi Moshe Chayim Luzzatto, explained in "The Way of God" that
"It is impossible that there exist more than one being whose existence is intrinsically imperative. Only one being can possibly exist with this necessarily perfect essence, and therefore the only reason all other things have the possibility of existence is that God wills them to exist. All other things therefore depend on Him and do not have intrinsic existence."
--The Way of God, 35
The Ramchal has expressed very beautifully the core understanding of Judaism. God is uniquely One, His existence is necessary because without it nothing else could exist (ibid. 1:1).
Some, such as Hindus, assume an eternal and not-created World "birthed" by another; this is not illogical, but starts with entirely different assumptions that are problematic, since it appears "objectively" that the Universe is not eternal but has a start.
God is clearly alone as attested to by the Hebrew Scriptures.
Deuteronomy 34:35, 39; 32:39; I Samuel 2:2; II Kings 19:19; Isaiah 43:10-11; 44:6-8; Malachi 2:10; and Nehemiah 9:6
This is by no means an exhaustive list.
Any attempt to say that God is accompanied by another god, helped by another, or even that God is in some way internally multiple violates scriptures clear message that God is alone.
Another way to say that God is alone is to say that He is unique any other divine being that exists is God's creation.
Anything that is created is "physical" in the sense that it has otherness from God and in that it is created. But when we think about physicality we usually only think about something composed of matter as being physical.
In the next section we will discuss what we mean by God is not physical.